CARDILE

Cardelo, Cardillo, Cardili (Li Cardilli, dialect form), Cardile, from «carduclis», goldfinch. Autonomous University up to its aggregation to Gioi (km. 7) of which is fraction. From Salerno Km. 91.



On a mountain among Gioi and Cardile, between the VIII and the X sec., a «laura basiliana » was probably built by italo-Greek monks, called, still today, «the Laura », in reference proper to the ancient village. «The Laura » (from the Greek laura, district) was usually a pleasant place on which the monks built some wood huts, where they set apart from the world, sheltering themselves in the prayer and in the meditation. Toward halves the sec. XVI disappeared some hamlets, among which that of Teano and Casalicchio because of the scorribandes completed by Barbarossa, the Saracens' head, that from the tirrenic beaches moved with rapacious violence toward the inside zones of the Cilento.

It is supposed that actually the inhabitants of these hamlets, forced to mend elsewhere, built a new housing nucleus: Cardile. In 1552 the Barony shattered in so many small feuds governed by the barons, which boasted on the same boundless rights. Also in Cardile barons Siniscalchi made to be worth on the population the so-called ones «iura francorum », among which the right of before night abolished, of then, for hand of an ancestor of the family D' Elia with the killing of the local baron.

Six hundred was characterized by great burdens to load of the farmers, forced to work under inhuman conditions to service of the local gentlemen and to pay taxes of every kind.Additionally it also burdened on them the inclement time: numerous were in fact the famines had been determining for rigid winters and rainy summers. To the famines the plague of the 1656 was added. The population was subsequently decimated:

Cardile, unlike other centers, had a number of inferior victims to the average; in fact the population, that was in 1648 composed from 51 fires (around 357 inhabitants), after 1656 it passed to 30 fires (around 210 inhabitants), while in the neighbor Gioi, the inhabitants reduced of over 2/3.

Of here the strong devotion of the Cardilesis to S. Rocco, protecting of the afflicted ones. They tell that in past, in the place «Visciglina », came to the light structures built from afflicts, which, with the purpose not to stay unburied, to the first symptoms of the evil, were abandoned in such structures waiting for the death. The famine, the plague, the soprusis of the squires threw in the discouragement the people of cilento that having lost the values of the Christian faith, it ended up accepting every form of superstition and magic rites as panacea to his own evil.

They were born so in the popular tradition of Cardile the figures of sorceress and «ianara » (witch) that developed their rituals in a place, near Cardile, that still today preserve the name of ianara. The fiscal and feudal pressure, to the beginnings of 700, became intolerable to the point that between vassals and university were opened controversies and quarrels with the purpose to guarantee to the people the few rights of which it was titular. In 1720, in front of the baronial court of the hamlet of Cardile, numerous citizens vindicated the right to the civic uses on the said forests her «Visciglina » and «Them Spagari » towards the Barons of Cardile, owners usurpers.

Only in 1754, because of the bad economic conditions in which poured the Kingdom, was compiled to Cardile, as in other countries of the Cilento, the inventory «onciario » to divide with equity the weight of taxes, excises and other imposed customs. Cilento finally seemed to revive under the French government (1808 -1815) that abolished the feudality operating a series of reforms, among which the «accorpamento » of the universities for economic and geographical reasons. Cardile lost its autonomy and it was united to Gioi.

Cardile followed the fates of Gioi, but the Episcopalian decrees of 1698 and 1714 inform us about the feudal place Francis Cattani Siniscalchi. This family continued to be feudal of Cardile in the '700, while in 1803-1804 the feudal headings are reported to Maria Joseph Ciardulli. With the return of the Borbonis in 1815 was opened a period of revolts in the Cilento: in 1820 the Carboneria, in whose files were enrolled also Davide, Alexander and Licurgo Riccio of Cardile, he succeeded in getting the recognition of the constitution. In 1828 another revolt organized by the association of the filadelfis was repressed in the blood from the dynasty of Borbone. This way the heads of Alexander and Davide Riccio, chopped off by the bodies, were confined in the iron cages and exposed in the plaza of Cardile as public warning.

The name of Cardile owed once more to enter the history with the 1848 revolt, led by Costabile Carducci, that saw as conspirator of the government of Borbone Catone Riccio, child of Davide, that, confined in the jail, was freed few years before the unity of Italy.

Saint Anthony

13 june

Saint John the Baptist

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Madonna del carmine

16 july

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Saint Rocco

On 29 december

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TarantaMed

From 12 to 14 August

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Chestnut festival

Early november

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Farmhouse Ceranni

+39 0974 1848017

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Cultural Association "Cilento on the road"

Via S. Anna, 20 - 84050 Rocca Cilento (SA) - Italy